In recent years, Krakow has presented itself as a vibrant and dynamic center of technology and innovation. This historic city, with its medieval charm and rich cultural heritage, is now at the top of the most digitized cities, attracting startups, tech giants and a growing number of talented professionals, and encouraging startups to choose it as a base city for organizational development.

This article explores the factors contributing to Krakow’s rise as a technology powerhouse, and considers and carefully analyzes the key elements that make it an important player in the European technology landscape.

Historical significance and innovation:

Krakow, with its UNESCO World Heritage-listed Old Town and centuries-old history, may seem an unlikely candidate for a technology hub. Vibrant streets, modern construction blended with historic townhouses, and numerous restaurants offering fresh and traditional Polish food are only a small part of the association of the city’s scenery.

However, the combination of the city’s rich cultural past with forward thinking has proven to be a very developmental combination. Krakow has an impressive range of programming education at various levels, from universities to colleges and academies specializing in computer science.

Blooming startup ecosystem:

Krakow is proud of its vibrant startup ecosystem, which has played a key role in its transformation. A number of startup incubators and coworking spaces have established across the city, encouraging collaboration and providing crucial support to starting entrepreneurs.

The local government has also played a significant role, offering a business-friendly environment that attracts both domestic and international startups. A good example is the Krakow Startup Community, an initiative that brings together local startups and entrepreneurs. It organizes regular meetings, hackathons or workshops, creating a platform for exchanging ideas and establishing cooperation between entrepreneurs. An interesting option for startups could be the Krakow Technology Park. It is an office and laboratory complex that supports the development of technological entrepreneurship. It offers startups access to modern infrastructure, as well as training programs and more experienced technology professionals.

Co-working spaces include The Park, a coworking space complex that not only provides flexible work spaces, but also focuses on building a community of entrepreneurs. Collaboration, networking and access to a variety of events make the place an incubator for creativity and innovation.

Skilled workforce and educational institutions:

Urban educational institutions are crucial to the city’s technological success. Urban universities, such as the Jagiellonian University, have long been centers of academic expertise.

The Department of Mathematics and Computer Science offers a rich computer science education program, covering both the theory and practice of programming. Students also have access to modern computer laboratories and can take a wide range of courses and specializations. Another domestically renowned university specializing in computer science in Krakow is the AGH University of Science and Technology. Its Faculty of Computer Science, Electronics and Telecommunications is highly regarded in both the domestic and international education market.

The curricula range from basic aspects of programming to advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence and data analysis. What’s more, the university has a department of automation and robotics, providing a number of opportunities for lower-level programming studies.  

Another interesting option is the Pedagogical University, whose offerings include studies in applied computer science and modern educational technologies. This is a great place for those who want to combine programming knowledge with pedagogical skills.

Another university that comprehensively prepares for the profession is the Higher School of Management and Banking (WSZiB) in Cracow – a leading educational institution focusing on the areas of management and banking, offering specialized programs in IT. The university emphasizes practical skills, integrating modern technologies with a business approach. Students have access to courses related to IT project management, data analysis and cutting-edge technologies, which prepares them to operate effectively in the dynamic environment of the IT industry. Collaborations with companies and participation in research projects make WSZiB graduates well prepared for the challenges of the growing IT sector.

For those seeking practical programming skills, there are also several colleges, such as Coders Lab and Krakow School of Computer Science. These establishments offer intensive programming courses that focus on learning, among other things. This foundation of education has provided a steady flow of skilled professionals, creating an environment ripe for innovation.

Kraków’s location in the heart of Europe:

Krakow, strategically located in the heart of Central Europe, has become a geographic hub for numerous global companies, particularly in the technology industry.

Its location allows easy access to key European markets, which is highly desirable for corporations looking for a central location. This also makes Krakow an excellent location for R&D centers and innovative laboratories that can serve a wide range of clients and partners from different parts of the continent.

The dynamic development of transportation infrastructure, including the international airport, railroads, and highways, further facilitates cooperation and the exchange of international resources, making Krakow an attractive launching point for global companies looking to succeed in the European market. Krakow not only lies at an advantageous point on the map of Poland, but also of all of Europe.

International investment and cooperation:

Krakow’s global attractiveness is reflected in the growing stream of international investment. Large technology companies have begun their operations in the city, recognizing its potential as a strategic location in Central Europe. This not only increases capital for the local economy, but also facilitates knowledge sharing and global cooperation.

One example is Cisco, a leader in the networking technology industry, which is headquartered in Krakow. The company offers solutions in network infrastructure, security and other communications technologies. IBM, as one of the largest technology companies in the world, has its research laboratory in Krakow. IBM Krakow Lab specializes in software development, artificial intelligence and cloud solutions. The Krakow branch of Motorola Solutions focuses on providing innovative solutions in the area of public safety, including radio communication systems for uniformed services. The company also recognized the city’s potential and opened a division in the city.

In addition to international players, Comarch, a Polish IT company with international reach, also has its roots in Krakow. It specializes in providing comprehensive IT solutions for business, including ERP software, ICT systems and cloud services.

Relocation of employees to Poland, including Krakow, and positive impact on productivity

According to a Stanford study¹, relocating a software development team from the United States to Poland, including but not limited to Krakow, can have a significant impact on a company’s overall productivity.

The example of one organization that used this strategy shows that reducing costs by moving the team from the San Francisco Bay Area to Poland contributed to a significant reduction in annual engineering expenses. The company located its ~90-person team, replacing 42 Bay Area engineers (average cost >$200K) with 41 in Poland (average cost $80K) and 5 in India (average cost $35K).

Annual engineering expenses were reduced from $12.3 million to $7.4 million.

Six months into the restructuring, the new team has achieved almost the same performance as the original team, both in terms of quantity and quality. The valuable data provided by the research-based algorithm provides a solid foundation for companies considering similar steps to optimize costs and improve the efficiency of the development team.

Quality of life and cultural richness:

In addition to its commercial attributes, Krakow offers a high quality of life that is attractive to technology professionals. The city’s cultural richness, a vibrant arts scene such as numerous cinemas, theaters, museums, cultural and art venues, as well as numerous artistic events and well-preserved historical monuments, provide a unique backdrop for an excellent work-life balance. Maintaining a work-life balance is crucial in this day and age, and Krakow, as a place to live and work, is very conducive to this.

Government support and infrastructure:

The Polish government actively supports the technology industry, offering financial support, tax breaks and favorable regulatory policies.One of the breaks is the one provided for those doing business who, in previous years, acquired new technologies, i.e. technologies that have not been used in the world for more than 5 years. This is a huge opportunity for companies in the IT field, as new technologies are usually used in this segment.

In addition, Krakow’s infrastructure, including a well-functioning public transportation system, such as well-planned public transportation, coupled with modern office spaces, have played a key role in facilitating the growth of the technology sector.


The evaluation of Krakow from a historical point on the map with many landmarks to a technological powerhouse is a testimony to the city’s adaptability and forward-thinking attitude.

With numerous investments, a talented workforce and an international corporate culture, Krakow is well on its way to establishing itself as Poland’s Silicon Valley. The combination of a rich cultural heritage and a thriving technology ecosystem has made Krakow one of the biggest innovation hotspots in Central Europe, with the potential to shape the future of technology on a global scale.

Anna Gliszczyńska 

¹ Ongoing Research on Software Engineering Productivity
Research Participant Onboarding
Yegor Denisov-Blanch
Stanford University